Green house effect and global warming are the critical issues in this new era. The influence is not only the environment, but also the economic and national safety. The majority gas, PFCs and SF6, the GHG(Green House Gas) defined in Kyoto Protocol are generated gas out from the semiconductor and optical electronics dry etching procedure accumulated and mixed with CVD gas for chamber clean. The special PFCs gases from the tools such as SF6, CF4, C2F6, C3F8, CHF3 and NF3 have to be treated before emission.
A plasma scrubber system was developed and tested as Point of Use abatement system for the treatment of PFC loaded gases coming from a production line from semiconductor industry. The system consists of an arc heated water steam plasma unit followed a combustion chamber and a quench-scrubber-system.
For chemical destrucion of PFC material, a water plasma is favorable because both, the oxygen and the hydrogen, which is necessary to produce the desired products after the high temperature zone-CO, CO2, HF and HCl- are supplied by the heat carrier itself. Therefore a new plasma torch system using water as plasma gas was developed and tested under the specification to achieve a long lifetime of the electrodes.
The system was developed and tested under industrial condition at a process line in semiconductor industry. It was demonstrated, that, with this process a reduction of PFC in the exhaust gas of > 99.9 % can be achieved.
The absorption scrubbers are used to reduce gaseous contaminants.
Absorbable contaminants are usually inorganic compounds, such as:
- Ammoniac NH3
- Hydrogen Sulphide H2S
- Hydrogen Chloride HCl
- Sulphur dioxide SO2 etc
- Exhaust gas from galvanic systems – contaminants: HCl, NH3
- Exhaust gas from core shooters – contaminants: Amines, SO3
- Exhaust gas from semi-conductor production – contaminants: HCl, NH3, SiH4
- Exhaus gas from sewage works – contaminants: H2S, NH3
The exhaust gas streams from the production processes are decontaminated in absorption scrubbers. The principle of the absorption lies in the solubility of the contaminated gases in scrubbing liquids. If the contaminated gases are separated out exclusively due to their solubility in the scrubbing liquid, it is a physical absorption. The degree of separation is largely determined by the solubility equilibrium of the contaminated gas. If this equilibrium is reached, the physical absorption stops. The chemical absorption is not limited by the solubility, since in this case, the gas dissolved in the scrubbing liquid is chemically converted. Both the absorption capacity of the scrubbing liquid and also the reaction speed are therefore higher. In very fast chemical absorption processes, the absorption capacity is principally determined by the extent of the boundary layer gas/liquid.
The choice of which scrubbing liquids are used to achieve the optimum effectiveness depends on the contaminant. The absorption scrubbers are either spray scrubbers (jet scrubbers) or packed tower scrubbers. They can be constructed in horizontal or vertical design.
PlasmaAir AG has vertical packed tower scrubbers as the standard design. Each scrubber and each exhaust gas system is designed to suit the process.